The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Depending on the symptoms, the experts will order one or more diagnostic tests for the confirmation of disorder. Endoscopy procedures involves the examination of a hollow passage in the body using a special instrument. An endoscopy procedure may help the expert to diagnose the disorder and its cause. Colonoscopy is a procedure in which a long, flexible, narrow tube with a light and tiny camera is used on one end, called a colonoscpoe or scope, to look inside the rectum and colon. Patient receives sedatives, anesthesia, or pain medicine during the procedure. Computerized tomography (CT) scan uses a combination of x-rays and computer technology to create images of the GI tract. A radiologist reads and reports on the images. In laparoscopy, a laparoscope is used to make several small cuts in the abdomen. The surgeon inserts special tools and a camera to try to locate and treat the source of the bleeding.
- Track 1-1Endoscopy
- Track 1-2 Laparoscopy
- Track 1-3Colonoscopy
- Track 1-4Ultrasound
- Track 1-5 Computed Tomography (CT)
- Track 1-6Electromagnetic Radiations
- Track 1-7Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Track 1-8Fluoroscopy
- Track 1-9Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
Nutrition is the study of nutrients in food, how the body uses nutrients, and the relationship between diet, health, and disease. Nutrition has become more focused on metabolism and metabolic pathways (biochemical steps) through which substances inside the body are transformed from one form to another. Nutrition also focuses on how diseases, conditions, and problems can be prevented or reduced with a healthy diet. A very low calorie diet (VLCD) is a clinically supervised diet plan that involves eating about 800 calories a day or fewer which prevents Gastrointestinal disorders. Probiotics are microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed. The term probiotic is currently used to name ingested microorganisms associated with benefits for humans and animals. Probiotics have many advantages such as reducing gastrointestinal discomfort, improving immune health and in relieving constipation. Dietary enzymes and Single cell proteins can be used as supplements.
- Track 2-1Low Calorie Diet
- Track 2-2Foodborne sickness
- Track 2-3Dietary Fibre
- Track 2-4Vitamins and Minerals in Food
- Track 2-5Single Cell Protein Supplement
- Track 2-6High Fibre Diet
- Track 2-7Dietary Enzymes
- Track 2-8Probiotics and Prebiotics
Gastroenterology has emerged from the backwoods of medical specialties only over the past 20 years. The influences behind this rapid transformation have been twofold. Firstly, the massive improvement in the technology of diagnosis, through radiology but especially in the use of fibreoptic endoscopy. Radioimmunoassay(RIA) is a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of substances, usually measuring antigen concentrations. In recent studies, it was found that RIA plays a major role in treating gastrointestinal disoders. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. Pancreatic tumors no longer represent a valid diagnostic indication for ERCP unless they cause bile duct obstruction and jaundice. ERCP can be used in the Removal of stones or other biliary debris.
- Track 3-1Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADAbs)
- Track 3-2Methotrexate (MTX)
- Track 3-3Radioimmunoassay (RIA)
- Track 3-4Electrochemi-Luminescence (ECL)
- Track 3-5Endoscopic Ultrasound
- Track 3-6Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiancreatography (ERCP)
- Track 3-7Ancillary Endoscopes
Pancreatic cancer begins when abnormal cells within the pancreas grow out of control and form a tumor. There are two types of cells in the pancreas, the exocrine cells and endocrine cells. These cells also have different functions. About 94% of pancreatic cancers are classified as exocrine tumors. The tumors start in the exocrine cells that make pancreatic enzymes which help in digestion. Within this category, the vast majority of tumors are adenocarcinomas. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors account for about 6% of all pancreatic tumors. They may be benign or malignant and they tend to grow slower than exocrine tumors. Pancreatic cancer can also spread to nearby lymph nodes (part of the immune system), blood vessels or nerves. Cancer cells may travel through the bloodstream to other parts of the body, such as the liver. Treatment for pancreatic cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or a combination of these.
- Track 4-1Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
- Track 4-2Pancreatic Oncology
- Track 4-3Vaccine in Pancreatic Cancer
- Track 4-4Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC)
- Track 4-5Advances in Pancreatic Surgery
The pancreas excretes enzymes to break down the proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids in food. Functioning as an endocrine gland, the pancreas secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon to control blood sugar levels throughout the day. A pancreatic pseudocyst is a collection of fluid around the pancreas. The fluid in the cyst is usually pancreatic juice that has leaked out of a damaged pancreatic duct. Pancreatic pseudocysts arise after acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) is the most common cystic tumors of the pancreas that can occur within the cells of the pancreatic duct. IPMN tumors produce mucus, and this mucus can form pancreatic cysts. Radiological imaging techniques and the incidental detection rate for treating IPMNs has increased. Cysts formed by IPMNs are visible under CT (Computed-tomography) scan.
- Track 5-1 Pseudocyst of Pancreas
- Track 5-2Advanced Diagnosis for IPMN Pancreas
- Track 5-3 Pancreatic Enzyme Replacements
- Track 5-4Advanced Treatment for IPMN Pancreas
Bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microscopic living things are referred to as microorganisms, or microbes. Trillions of these microbes exist mainly inside the intestines and on the skin. Most of the microbes in the intestines are found in a pocket of large intestine called the cecum, and they are referred to as the Gut microbiome. The Gut microbiome refers to all of the microbes in the intestines, which act as another organ that's crucial for the health. Gut microbiota or gastrointestinal microbiota is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects. The Gut metagenome is the aggregate of all the genomes of gut microbiota. The gut microbiome begins to affect the body the moment after the birth. In humans, the gut microbiota has the largest numbers of bacteria and the greatest number of species compared to other areas of the body.
- Track 6-1Bile Acid Metabolism
- Track 6-2Enhancement of Vitamin B and K
- Track 6-3Metagenomics and Metatranscriptomics
- Track 6-4Gut Microbiota for Health (GMFH)
- Track 6-5Communications through Gut-Brain axis
- Track 6-6Role of Toll-Like receptors (TLRs)
Gastroenterology is the pre-eminent subject in advancement. Video capsule endoscopy, Non-invasive biomarkers are recent research in gastroenterology. Capsule endoscopy is a procedure used to record internal images of the gastrointestinal tract for use in medical diagnosis. As soon the intake of the capsule,the capsule passes along the gastrointestinal tract taking a number of images per second which are transmitted wirelessly to an array of receivers connected to a portable recording device carried by the patient. Similarly, the role of computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of abdominal pain in patients without trauma is well established.
- Track 7-1Video Capsule Endoscopy (VCE)
- Track 7-2Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA)
- Track 7-3 Obscure GI Bleeding (OGIB)
- Track 7-4MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and Prognostic Tools
- Track 7-5Non-Invasive Biomarkers
Gastroenterology is the study of normal functioning, diagnosis and treatment of stomach and intestinal disorders. The digestive track that starts from the mouth and runs up to the anus, encompasses of various organs such as alimentary canal, esophagus, colon, rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts, liver, duodenum, small intestine and large intestine. There are various accessory organs that assist the tract by secreting enzymes to help break down food into its component nutrients. Thus the salivary glands, liver, pancreas and gall bladder have important functions in the digestive system. Gastroenterology deals with the functioning of each organ in the digestive system while focusing on various diseases that may attack them. Gastroenterology facilitates a thorough understanding of the digestion process, absorption of nutrient values, and excretion. It also discusses the diseases that may affect these organs including polyps, cancer, ulcers, hepatitis, and refluxes.
- Track 8-1Gastrointestinal Tract
- Track 8-2Advancement in Clinical Gastroenterology
- Track 8-3Liver Cirrhosis
- Track 8-4Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder
- Track 8-5Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Advances in high-throughput technologies in biomedical research have led to a dramatic increase in the accessibility of molecular insights at multiple biological levels in Gastroenterology. The bioinformatics data repositories have rapidly evolved into an essential aid for molecular Gastroenterology. Molecular targets and networks have increasingly gained attention in particular due to the efforts of the Human Genome Project. Similarly, bioinformatics and database resource for liver cancer are the best developed tools in hepatology.
- Track 9-1Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs)
- Track 9-2Protein Sequencing
- Track 9-3Computational Biology
- Track 9-4Chromosome Conformation Capture
- Track 9-5Protein Subcellular Localization Prediction
- Track 9-6Protein Structure Prediction
Current gastroenterology provides a wide variety of services ranging from the management of advanced gastrointestinal tumours and pancreatic cysts to the treatment of severe illnesses. Bile Duct Imaging, Pancreatic Imaging, Pancreatic Cyst Fluid Analysis are some of the recent evolution in Gastroenterology. Bile duct imaging is known as Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in which the magnetic resonance is used for imaging. Magnetic Resonance imaging produces detailed images of liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas and pancreatic duct.
- Track 10-1Pancreatic Cyst Fluid Analysis
- Track 10-2Pancreatic Imaging
- Track 10-3Proteomic Analysis
- Track 10-4Surgery
- Track 10-5Liver Function Test
- Track 10-6Bile Duct Imaging
Hepatology is a branch of medicine concerned with the study, prevention, diagnosis and management of diseases that affect the liver, gallbladder, biliary tree and pancreas. Hepatitis affects millions of individuals globally and is associated with several poor outcomes including liver transplant and liver cancer. In particular, hepatitis B and hepatitis C are major causes of liver cancer, while alcohol abuse has been linked to conditions such as cirrhosis and other serious complications. The conditions hepatologists deal with most frequently are viral hepatitis and alcohol-related liver disease. Hepatology used to be considered a subspecialty of gastroenterology which is quickly emerging as a freestanding speciality. As a critical organ that can be affected by a large number of factors, the liver is usually the focal point in hepatology.
- Track 11-1 Alcoholic Liver Disease
- Track 11-2Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
- Track 11-3Hepatitis A and E
- Track 11-4Portal Hypertension
- Track 11-5Liver Enlargement
- Track 11-6Transhepatic Pancreato-Cholangiography
- Track 11-7Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
Liver transplantation surgery approach is achieved to update a diseased or injured liver with a wholesome liver. The liver is concerned within the various metabolic functioning that includes the metabolism of drugs and toxins, eliminating degradation products of regular frame metabolism , and synthesis of many crucial proteins and enzymes (inclusive of factors vital for blood to clot). Acute liver failure, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, occurs when a previously healthy liver suffers massive injury resulting in clinical signs and symptoms of liver insufficiency. Liver transplant surgical treatment is suggested to the sufferer who is laid low with an excessive Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) or chronic liver failure.
- Track 12-1Acute Liver Failure
- Track 12-2Chronic Liver Failure
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when the body makes antibodies against the liver tissue. Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person increase the risk of getting hepatitis B. Hepatitis C comes from the hepatitis C virus (HCV).
- Track 13-1Prevention and Care for Hepatitis B Infection
- Track 13-2Novel Therapies for HBV
- Track 13-3Advances in Hepatitis C Therapy
- Track 13-4Hepatitis B Immunization in Infants
- Track 13-5Hepatitis B Vaccine Clinical Research Trials
Cholestatic hepatitis is called as cholangiolitic hepatitis, which is the obstruction of bile secretion and dysfunction of bile canaliculi in the Golgi apparatus of the liver cells. Viral infection is the most common cause of cholestatic hepatitis. A cholestatic problem causes characteristic changes in the blood. The levels of liver enzymes referred to alkaline phosphotase and gamma glutamyl-transferase (GGT) rise. Bilirubin is the substance that causes jaundice, or the yellow-orange color of patient with a serious liver problem. During the acute stage of cholestatic hepatitis, electron microscopy and histo-chemical studies of the liver cell demonstrated that the cell apparatuses, such as the Golgi apparatus, exhibited degeneration of the smooth endoreticulum and mitochondria.
- Track 14-1 High-density Lipoproteins
- Track 14-2 Low-Density Lipoproteins
- Track 14-3Gallbladder Sludge
- Track 14-4Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
- Track 14-5Autoimmune Cholestatic Syndromes
The gastrointestinal tract is a muscular tube lined by a special layer of cells, called epithelium. The oesophagus is approximately 25cm in length and 2cm in diameter. It extends from the pharynx to the stomach after passing through an opening in the diaphragm. The oesophagus functions primarily as a transport medium between compartments. The small intestine is composed of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. It averages approximately 6m in length, extending from the pyloric sphincter of the stomach to the ileo-caecal valve separating the ileum from the caecum. Liver acts as a mechanical filter by filtering blood that travels from the intestinal system. It detoxifies several metabolites including the breakdown of bilirubin and oestrogen. The anorectal canal is the terminal part of the gastrointestinal tract. The anorectal canal is referred to as the terminal alimentary tract between the dentate line and anal verge.
- Track 15-1Pyloric Sphincter
- Track 15-2Muscularis Externa
- Track 15-3Oesophagus
- Track 15-4 Pharynx
- Track 15-5Small and Large Intestine
- Track 15-6Anorectal Canal
Genetic epidemiology has the potential to significantly impact human health. Genetic Epidemiology is the study of how genetic factors contribute to health and disease in families and populations, and how genes interplay with environmental factors. Major areas of epidemiological study include disease causation, Transmission, outbreak investigation, disease surveillance, forensic epidemiology, occupational epidemiology, screening, biomonitoring and comparisons of treatment effects such as in clinical trials. The Epidemiology of hepatitis has grown widely. It is estimated that approximately two billion people worldwide have evidence of past or present infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), and 248 million individuals are chronic carriers.
- Track 16-1Human Genome Project
- Track 16-2Human Genome Project
- Track 16-3Molecular Epidemiology
- Track 16-4BRCA1 Mutation
- Track 16-5Recessive Genetic Component
- Track 16-6Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)
Pancreatic surgery is still associated with a relatively high morbidity and mortality compared with other specialties. Laparoscopic surgery is typically performed using 3 or 4 half-inch or one-inch incisions, sparing patients a large incision. Laparoscopic surgery is ideal for tumors of the pancreas tail. Larger tumors of any part of the pancreas for which an open operation is required can be started laparoscopically to look for cancer spread before making the large incision. The hand-access devices are a major advancement in laparoscopic surgery and allows the surgeon to place the hand into the abdomen during the surgical procedure. Patient who undergo laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy have less pain, rapid recovery and early discharge compared to open distal pancreatectomy.
- Track 17-1Laparoscopic Hand-access Devices
- Track 17-2Cystic Tumours
- Track 17-3Endocrine Pancreas
- Track 17-4 Ectopic Pancreas
- Track 17-5Laparoscopic Enucleation
Gastrointestinal disorders include such conditions as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhoids, anal fissures. Functional disorders are those in which the gastrointestinal (GI) tract looks normal but doesn't work properly. The Gastrointestinal problems can be treated by increasing the amount of fiber in food and by exercising regularly. Rapid Gastric Emptying syndrome occurs when food, especially sugar, moves too fast from the stomach to the duodenum and it is also caused by problems with the storage of food particles in the stomach and emptying of particles into the duodenum. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lowest part of the rectum and anus. External hemorrhoids are under the skin around the anus, where there are many more pain-sensing nerves, so they tend to hurt as well as bleed. Hemorrhoids are mainly caused by buildup of pressure in the lower rectum and it can affect blood flow and make the veins swell.
- Track 18-1Rapid Gastric Emptying
- Track 18-2Parasitic Blood Flukes
- Track 18-3Ulcerative Colitis
- Track 18-4Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Track 18-5Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- Track 18-6Perianal Abscesses
- Track 18-7Hemorrhoids
Food contaminants are substances included unintentionally in Foods Some are harmless and others are hazardous because of the toxicological risks from their intake to the consumers. Food toxicology studies shows how natural or synthetic poisons and toxicants in diverse food products cause harmful, detrimental, or adverse side effects in living organisms. Food Toxicology causes dehydration. Any clinically abnormal response to food or food additives is related to the term food allergy in common and thus impairs the metabolic functions in the human body and other consumers. Their allergic responses are due to hypersensitivity reactions with the immune system and thus are responsible for the adverse reactions and inflammatory disorders mainly from the age of 3 to 5 in case of humans and also in other pet animals.
- Track 19-1Hypersensitive food Allergies
- Track 19-2Sea Food Toxins
- Track 19-3 Foodborne Illness
- Track 19-4 Loss of Essential Salts and Minerals in food
- Track 19-5Dehydration
- Track 19-6Neurological Damage